Outline and Audio Sermons:
Dr. Walter D. Huyck Jr. D.Min.

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The Direction Of The Book

Revelation 1.9-20


[We now come to the Direction of the book of Revelation.  In this text we will discover the grand vision of the Lord Jesus Christ, who is being revealed throughout the context of the whole book of Revelation.  But before this grand vision we are introduced to the humiliating state of the apostle John, who received this vision of visions.  At the end of this passage we are given the course that the text will follow as the divisions that mark out the course of the vision are clearly proclaimed.]

A.     The Position in the Text (vs 9-10) [- I have often heard it said that before our Heavenly Father can use a Christian greatly He must first hurt him deeply.  Humility is the precursor to revelation and manifestation.  Moses wandered in the wilderness for forty years as a shepherd before God called him to lead His people out of bondage.  The apostle Paul was given a thorn in his flesh before he could be given the vision of the third heaven and the illumination to write two-thirds of the New Testament.  Joseph spent his best years in slavery and prison before he could stand as the prime minister of Egypt.  Why? Because, only those who are fully aware of their humanity and its accompanying spiritual, emotional, and physical weaknesses can bear up under the glory of the revelation of Almighty God.]

[It was no different for the apostle John.  John was given this vision of the Revelation of the Lord Jesus Christ.  But before the vision was given a preparation was made which is in view here in our text.]

1.      John’s Relationship to the Churches (vs 9) [- I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, . . . -  Without any doubt the apostle John had a dear relationship to the Church of our Lord Jesus Christ and to the Churches he initially addresses the revelation to. This relationship is threefold as described in here in verse nine. ]

[a.       Their Brother/Pastor - Church history bears out that the apostle John was the Pastor at Ephesus for three years prior to his exile.  Clarence Larkin once wrote, “John was the pastor of the Church of Ephesus at the time of his banishment, and it was to that Church that the first Message to the Seven Churches was addressed.”[1]  This being the case it would be easy to understand how the apostle would have had a close relationship with the many churches in that region.  Some might suggest that this relationship might account for the particular seven churches address in chapters two and three, except that we know that there were many other churches in the region as well.  Scripture bears out that there were churches at Colosse (Col 1.2), Hierapolis (Col 4.13), and Troas (Acts 20.6-7).  Being a pastor and apostle among these Churches gave John a trust relationship with these Christians.]

[b.      Their Companion in Tribulation – The Apostle was also their brother and companion in tribulations. Without any doubt John had endured much in the form of tribulation.  He was persecuted as were all of the apostles and many born again Christian believers.  Of the Apostle John Foxe wrote,]

[John certainly did not live a long life unscathed by pain and suffering.  His emotional trials must have been considerable.  He lived during times in which those who killed of abused Christians had nothing to fear from the law.  In fact, they were sometimes carrying out the law.  The painful death of friend after friend must have taken a heavy toll on John.  Tradition holds that on one occasion, John was scheduled for boiling in oil.  He escaped by divine intervention.  His exile on Patmos could easily have been a death sentence.  When Emperor Domitian, who had exile him to Patmos, had died, John was brought back to Ephesus, where he was confined for two years.. It is written tht he was compelled to drink poison but was unharmed and finally died in peace.[2]]

[Hence, the apostle John was well acquainted with persecutions and tribulations of those who proclaimed the glorious gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.]

[c.       Their Service and Anticipation – from the phrase and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ we understand the perseverance and stewardship of the Apostle John and his fellow Christians.  In spite of their sufferings, in spite of their separation they all endured and continued to service our Lord Jesus Christ with diligent determination.  Had John sulked because he had be unfairly exiled to the horrible island of Patmos we might not have the Revelation to day at all.  But regardless of what his hardships might have been, like Joseph, the apostle John and those Churches and Christians he loved continued to serve God with steadfastness.  What an incredible testimony and responsibility is handed down to each and every Christian that would read and pass on the text being written.  We must likewise endure and persevere regardless of what our difficulties and trials might be.]

2.      John’s Removal From The Churches (vs 9; 2 Tim 3.12) [–  . . . was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ. -  The Apostle John now reveals where he was when he received this glorious revelation.  John was exiled to Patmos for the Word of God, and The testimony of Jesus Christ.  Of exile to Patmos John MacArthur wrote,]

[When he received this vision, John was in exile on the island called Patmos. A barren, volcanic island in the Aegean Sea, Patmos is at its extremities about ten miles long and five to six miles wide and located some forty miles offshore from Miletus (a city in Asia Minor about thirty miles south of Ephesus, cf. Acts 20:15–17). According to the Roman historian Tacitus, exile to such islands was a common form of punishment in the first century. At about the same time that John was banished to Patmos, Emperor Domitian exiled his own niece, Flavia Domitilla, to another island. Unlike Flavia Domitilla, whose banishment was politically motivated, John was probably sent to Patmos as a criminal, i.e. as a Christian, he was a member of an illegal religious sect. If so, the conditions under which he lived would have been harsh. Exhausting labor under the watchful eye and ready whip of a Roman overseer, insufficient food and clothing, and having to sleep on the bare ground would have taken their toll on a ninety-year-old man. It was on that bleak, barren island, under those brutal conditions, that John received the most extensive revelation of the future ever given.[3]  ]

[Why would anyone send a ninety year old man to such a place as Patmos, not for any wrong that the Apostle John had done, but merely for the testimony of Jesus Christ.  The Bible reminds all Christians that,]

[2 Timothy 3:12 12 Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution. ]

3.      John’s Renewal in Tribulation (vs 10) [- I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day . . .  - Some hold that this indicates that John was taken out of his body; However, this may not be the natural implication of the text here. The grammar indicates, ]

[a.       I was - Ἐγενόμην (Gk[4]) - from Ginomai, meaning “I became” only in the Aorist tense it indicates that ‘I became for myself’.  Thus, indicating something that John could achieve in himself, hence “I was.” ]

[b.      Spirit πνεύματι (Gk) - The Dative Singular form of the noun πνεύμα which finds its root in πνεύw meaning spirit whether good or bad.  ]

[The natural implication of the text is that John had managed to reckon his position as continually in or saturated in the Holy Spirit, a true condition for every believer who seeks to be filled with the Holy Spirit.  This phrase, related to the circumstances surrounding the Apostle John when he was given the Revelation ought to remind Christians, again, that they should be in touch with their Lord through the Holy Spirit regardless of what their trials and tribulations might be.  For a Child of God to be distant from God merely because of adversity should be thought of as a carnal characteristic rather than a spiritual characteristic of our spiritual walk.]

4.      John’s Revelation In Tribulation (vs 10) [- I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, . . . - Some hold the Lord’s Day to mean the Christian Sabbath or the first day of the week; However, the Christian Sabbath is never referred to as the Lord’s Day in the New Testament.  It is always called the first day of the week.  Old and New Testament references to the Day of the Lord which is the nearest frame to the Lord’s day include Isaiah 2.12; Joel 1.15; 2.1; 3.14; Ezekiel 13.5; Malachi 4.5; Acts 2.20; 2 Corinthians 1.14; 1 Thessalonians 5.2; 2 Peter 3.10. Hence, the frame of reference, including the remaining context of the verse, which states . . . and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet all appear to apply to the day of the Lord’s return. On this Lord’s Day the Apostle John stood in the presence of the Lord Jesus Christ.  Christ was first revealed to John who wrote this text for you and me.]

5.      John’s Regale In Tribulation (vs 10-11; 1 Thess 4.16; John 1.1-3,14) [- . . . and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet, -  John’s word’s here remind us immediately of the trump of God,]

[1 Thessalonians 4:16 16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: ]

[Again referring us to the Day of the Lord for Christians, when we will be raptured into our Lord’s glorious presence to remain in that eternal state of perfection forever more. It is notable that the great voice is heard coming from behind John, indicating that John’s first vision required that he turn to face the Lord who was manifested behind the apostle.  This is the case for all mankind, when we are lost, walking in and working toward the sinful schemes of men and this world, we must repent and turn away from the world and to our Lord and Savior to behold our Lord Jesus Christ in all of His glory.  Without hesitation the apostle John turns to face the Lord.]

[a.       The Instruction (vs 11) - Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: . . . - The instruction given by the voice is clear and undeniable.  The instruction first gives its authority which is the authority of divinity.  This divinity is first distinguished by the whole of the Greek alphabet with the statement . . . I am Alpha and Omega . . .thus referring to the written word and may remind us of,]

[John 1:1-3 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 The same was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. ]

[John 1:14 14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. ]

[The divinity is also distinguished by the statement . . . the first and the last . . . which refers us to the fact that God and God alone is eternal in nature.  Before there was anything else, there was God.  If there is ever a time when there will be nothing else there will still be God.  He is the ultimate authority and the only true authority.]

[b.      The Commission (vs 11) - . . . and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea. – This commission is two fold; write, and send.  The first things John is told to do, even before he has beheld anything of the Revelation he is about to receive, for up till now John has only heard and he has only begun to hear.  He is told to write everything you are about to see and then send to the seven Churches, that, as we will soon discover, represent the whole of the Christian Church for all ages to come.]

[The next thing John does is merely turn around and behold the glory of the reveal Lord Jesus Christ.]

B.     The Person In The Text (vs 12-20) [– Having heard the trumpeting voice and its first instructions The Apostle John now turns to see who is speaking to him and beholds the first vision of the ascended Christ in all his glory.  This is the first of the revelations that will be viewed through the text of the Revelation.  The apostle now begins to write exactly what he was instructed to write.  He begins to write those things which he has seen. ]  

1.      Christ’s Possessions (Revelation -1.12-13) [– And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks; 13 And in the midst of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of man, . . .  -  It is important to note that the first vision of the ascended Christ places our Lord in the midst of seven golden candle stick.  In the preceding verse the apostle is commanded to write to seven specific Churches, here our Lord is seen standing in the midst of seven candlesticks which represent seven Churches as clearly described in verse twenty which states,]

[Revelation 1:20 20 The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches. ]

[Seven is a significant number in scripture, and it is very significant throughout the book of the Revelation.  In biblical numerology the number seven seems to present a consistent and definable theme.  F.W. Grant notes that “Seven is thus the number of perfect divine accomplishment.”[5]  John Davis notes numerous scholars who hold that the number seven indicates things like fullness, perfection, completeness, and full development.[6]  Hence, the fact that the ascended Christ is seen standing in the midst of seven candlesticks that represent seven Churches must indicate that our Lord is standing in the midst of the Church in its universal completeness.  The vision therefore, and the seven Churches referenced within the Revelation itself must point toward the whole Church of our Lord Jesus Christ.]

[Now to discover the details of these Churches or Candlesticks,]

[a.       The Seven Golden Candlesticks (vs 12-13) - . . . I saw seven golden candlesticks; 13 And in the midst of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of man, . . . – In the specifics of these candlesticks we note first that they are,]

[1)      Golden – Carl Harwood suggests that gold is “symbolical of kingdom, kingship, especially related to deity.”[7]  Hence, these golden candlesticks are not just any candlesticks.  They are of specific divine origin, thus the Churches that they present are of stately and royal linage.  These Churches are none other than the Body of the Lord Jesus Christ.]

[2)      Candlesticks or lamp (Psalm 119.105; Prov 6.3; 2 Pet 1.19) – A lamp is a symbol of the Word of God.  The Bible says,]

[Psalm 119:105 105 Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.]

[Proverbs 6:3 3 Do this now, my son, and deliver thyself, when thou art come into the hand of thy friend; go, humble thyself, and make sure thy friend. ]

[2 Peter 1:19 19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts: ]

[Therefore the Word of God is an essential element within the Church of our Lord Jesus Christ. ]

[3)      Oil Filled – Candlesticks in biblical times were hollow in the center and would then be filled with oil.  A wick was place in the candle stick and the oiled wick would burn and provide light.  Harwood suggests that oil is symbolical of the Holy Spirit.[8]  As a candlestick could not work without oil, so the Church of our Lord Jesus Christ cannot properly function without the oil of the Holy Spirit.]

[4)      Light (John 8.12;9.5; Matt 5.14-16) – The goal of the candlestick is light.  Jesus said,]

[John 8:12 12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life. ]

[John 9:5 5 As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world. ]

[The only true light in life is the Lord Jesus Christ.  But our Lord manifests his glorious light through His Church.  Therefore, Jesus also said,]

[Matthew 5:14-16 14 Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. 15 Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house. 16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven. ]

[It is through our Lord’s Church that the gospel message will permeate our world and reach multitudes of lost souls winning them into our Lord’s glorious kingdom.]

2.      Christ’s  Description (vs 13-16) [– Next the apostle begins to describe the one he saw standing in the midst of the golden candlesticks.  The apostle first refers to the one he saw as, ]

[Revelation 1:13 13 And in the midst of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of man, . . . ]

[Of this statement Robert Thomas wrote,]

[He was “like unto a son of man” (Rev 1:13, ASV). These words are derived from Daniel 7:13 where one like a son of man appeared in order to receive earthly dominion. The comparison sets forth essentially the human appearance, and thus the humanity, of the one whom John saw. In omitting the definite article before “son,” the author agrees with the Septuagint version of Daniel. From this fact and from the use of homoion (“like”) before the words, it is apparent that the Messianic title “Son of Man,” found so frequently in the Gospels, is not intended here. Nevertheless, there can be no disputing the fact that this personage is identical with the Messiah, the one who is pictured as coming triumphantly in Revelation 19:11–16. The strong impression on the author at this point, however, is His human appearance.[9]]

[Certainly, there is no mistaking who this figure is standing in the midst of these candlesticks.  It is our Lord Jesus Christ.  That he is like unto the Son of Man lets us know in no uncertain terms who the apostle saw.]

[While Jesus is now a High Priest in heaven, John did not see Him engaged in any High Priestly work.  While He was clothed in a High Priestly robe, there was no mitre upon His head, or Kingly Crown.  The description of Him is more that of a judge.  John now goes on to note nine facets of our Lord’s appearance.  Nine is the number of judgment.  In this description we notice,]

a.       His Garment (Rev 1.13) [-  . . . clothed with a garment down to the foot, . . .  -  Of this garment Robert Thomas notes,]

[He was “clothed with a garment down to the foot” (Rev 1:13). In the Greek Old Testament such language is used to depict part of the high priest’s dress, but the same is true in an even more striking manner in Ezekiel 9:2. There both Greek words found in Revelation are applied to the man  charged with setting a mark upon some of the Jerusalemites before the destruction of the rest. Of these two possible emphases, a priestly ministry and one of mercy in the face of impending judgment, the latter is the more likely choice, since nowhere else in the book does Christ appear in a priestly capacity. On the other hand, one of the principal thrusts of the visions is His activity in extending mercy to those exempted from the punishments which are about to fall. The man in Ezekiel is associated with six others whose office it is to smite the sinful inhabitants of the city while passing by those who are grieved over the city’s abominations. Herein lies the similarity to Christ’s future ministry of administering mercy in the midst of God’s wrath upon the world (Rev 7:2–3; 9:4 )[10]]

[Others have suggested that this garment could signify the righteousness and holiness of the one in view.  Clearly none is as righteous as our Lord Jesus Christ.]

b.      His Golden Girdle (Rev 1.13) [– . . . and girt about the paps with a golden girdle. – Harwood suggests that a girdle is symbolical of strength for activity.[11]  Which might also suggest power or authority.  The gold is related to His kingship or deityship. In that He is girded about the breasts signifies that He is executing a Magisterial Office.  The High Priest was girded about the waist, signifying service. ] 

c.       His Head and Hairs (vs 14; Psalm 104.2) [- His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; . . . – We note here that not only does the apostle note our Lord’s hair but his head as well.  This expresses that our Lord’s countenance shown with brilliant light. The Bible says of God,]

[Psalm 104:2 2 Who coverest thyself with light as with a garment: . . . ]

[Such statements also identifies Him with the Ancient of Days ] 

[Daniel 7:9-12 9 I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire. 10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened. 11 I beheld then because of the voice of the great words which the horn spake: I beheld even till the beast was slain, and his body destroyed, and given to the burning flame. 12 As concerning the rest of the beasts, they had their dominion taken away: yet their lives were prolonged for a season and time. ] 

[Hence, the idea that our Lord in John’s vision in this text is one of a judge rendering judgment is again reinforced.  Harwood suggests that snow[12] symbolizes purity and hair symbolizes strength.[13] ]

d.      His Eyes (Rev 1.14; Heb 4.13; 1 Cor 3.11-15) [- . . . and his eyes were as a flame of fire; - The mention of our Lord’s eyes speaks of His omniscience.  We are reminded that our Lord is, ]

[Hebrews 4:13 13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do. ]

[Harwood suggests that an eye is symbolical of knowledge or seeing,[14] While Fire is symbolical of the act of purifying, searching, or testing.[15]  We are remind by our Lord’s eyes of fire in this context that we will all stand before the Judgment seat of Christ.  The bible says,]

[1 Corinthians 3:11-15 11 For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ. 12 Now if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble; 13 Every man's work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man's work of what sort it is. 14 If any man's work abide which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward. 15 If any man's work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as by fire. ]

[Who can stand before the all seeing and all-knowing eyes of our Lord Jesus Christ.  They search, not outward appearances but to the very heart of each and every man, woman, and child.  To those who have persevered and mastered the Christian life these eyes will manifest the glory of a life lived out for our Lord.  But for the rebellious, self-willed, haughty, and selfish these eyes of fire will burn away all of the chaff that kept many from living godly lives.]

e.      His Feet like fine Brass (vs 15; Rev 19.15) [- And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; . . . – Harwood notes that brass is a symbol of judgment, strength, and endurance.[16]  That our Lord’s feet are viewed as brass reminds us that the Bible says,]

[Revelation 19:15 15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. ]

[Thus revealing that the actual work at the end of this judgment will be carried out by Christ Himself, as He will tread the winepress of God’s wrath. ]

[f.        His Voice (vs 16; Ps 29; Jer 25.30) - . . . and his voice as the sound of many waters.  - There is nothing more fearful to the criminal than the words of a judge as he passes judgment.  Waters is symbolical of many nations or seems to point toward the gentile nations, while in contrast the earth is often thought to point toward Israel. In respect to judgment, these many nations have heard God’s voice through the testimony of countless born again Christians of every race, creed and nationality; so there is no excuse for those who have refuse the gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ. The Bible reminds us that it is by the Word of God or the voice of the Lord that He accomplishes His will within His creation.  The Bible states,]

[Psalm 29:1-11 1 Give unto the LORD, O ye mighty, give unto the LORD glory and strength. 2 Give unto the LORD the glory due unto his name; worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness. 3 The voice of the LORD is upon the waters: the God of glory thundereth: the LORD is upon many waters. 4 The voice of the LORD is powerful; the voice of the LORD is full of majesty. 5 The voice of the LORD breaketh the cedars; yea, the LORD breaketh the cedars of Lebanon. 6 He maketh them also to skip like a calf; Lebanon and Sirion like a young unicorn. 7 The voice of the LORD divideth the flames of fire. 8 The voice of the LORD shaketh the wilderness; the LORD shaketh the wilderness of Kadesh. 9 The voice of the LORD maketh the hinds to calve, and discovereth the forests: and in his temple doth every one speak of his glory. 10 The LORD sitteth upon the flood; yea, the LORD sitteth King for ever. 11 The LORD will give strength unto his people; the LORD will bless his people with peace. ]

[Jeremiah 25:30 30 Therefore prophesy thou against them all these words, and say unto them, The LORD shall roar from on high, and utter his voice from his holy habitation; he shall mightily roar upon his habitation; he shall give a shout, as they that tread the grapes, against all the inhabitants of the earth. ]

[Hence, the apostle John sees the Lord of Glory as a judge rendering his verdict, and the power of His mighty decree will be to all the nations.]

g.       His Hand Full of Stars (vs 16, 20) [- And he had in his right hand seven stars: . . . – Like the candlesticks the stars are interpreted for us in verses 20.]

[Revelation 1:20 20 The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches. ]

[These stars are the Angels of the seven Churches and clearly indicate the source of their strength, power and accountability. The right hand is symbolical of possession, strength, and power. Therefore the angels of these Churches receive their authority and power from the Lord Jesus Christ.  The fact that they are held in our Lord’s hand indicates that they are under His complete control.  That these stars are called angles means literally that they are messengers.   These messengers could be: ]

[1)      The pastor’s of the Churches, as they would gain their strength and usability from the Lord Jesus Christ. ]

[2)      The Confessing, believing remnant of the Church; those that have experienced redemption and have the real spiritual power within the Church. ]

[The idea of these stars being in our Lord’s right hand reminds us of, ]

[John 10:27-30 27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me: 28 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand. 29 My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand. 30 I and my Father are one. ]

[Hence, these stars are in the hand of Almighty God, never to be removed.  Safe and secure even at the time of the coming judgment.  It might be said as well the if the saved are secure in the hand of our Lord, then we will be with our Lord at the time when He renders His judgment, which may speak to us of the doctrine of the rapture, to be studied later when we enter into chapter four of the Revelation.]

h.       His Mouth (vs 16; Heb 4.12; John 12.48) [-  . . . and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: . . . - Some claim this to be more a Sword of Justice than the Sword of His Word.  Still the fact remains, all of His judgments are delivered by His divine decree. His mouth is symbolical of testimony or His spoke word. The sword is symbolical of the Word.  The Bible reminds us,]

[Hebrews 4:12 12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. ]

[In that our Lord will use His voice and words to render judgment upon all who have rejected Him was declared by our Lord when He said,]

[John 12:48 48 He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day. ]

i.         His Countenance (vs 16) [- . . . and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength. - As the sun shines in his strength refers to the fact that light, especially brilliant, powerful light manifests. Thus indicating that His whole person, all that Jesus Christ is about or represents, is manifestation.  He manifests His own righteousness and glory, and at the save time reveals our sinfulness, unworthiness, and defilement; in this judgment. ] 

3.      Christ’s Persuasion (vs 17-18) [– And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last: 18 I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death. - The Aposlte John, having beheld the glorious revelation of the Lord Jesus Christ was completely overcome by His presence.  John fell at His feet as dead.  This statement reminds us of how Daniel responded when he saw his visions.  The Bible states,]

[Daniel 10:4-11 4 And in the four and twentieth day of the first month, as I was by the side of the great river, which is Hiddekel; 5 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz: 6 His body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his arms and his feet like in colour to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude. 7 And I Daniel alone saw the vision: for the men that were with me saw not the vision; but a great quaking fell upon them, so that they fled to hide themselves. 8 Therefore I was left alone, and saw this great vision, and there remained no strength in me: for my comeliness was turned in me into corruption, and I retained no strength. 9 Yet heard I the voice of his words: and when I heard the voice of his words, then was I in a deep sleep on my face, and my face toward the ground. 10 And, behold, an hand touched me, which set me upon my knees and upon the palms of my hands. 11 And he said unto me, O Daniel, a man greatly beloved, understand the words that I speak unto thee, and stand upright: for unto thee am I now sent. And when he had spoken this word unto me, I stood trembling. ]

[Many gospel songs have been written about the joy of standing in the presence of our Lord and Savior one day.  The truth is that we will likely fail and fall out in the overwhelming glory and holiness of our Lord first.  But then, by His grace and faithfulness, our Lord will lift us up and give us a standing in His majestic presence.  What a glorious day that will be!] 

C.     The Plan Of The Text (vs 19) [Finally, at the end of chapter one we come to the overall plan for how our Lord’s revelation will be presented in the text.  The Text reads,]

[Revelation 1:19 19 Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter; ]

[Three Major divisions are given for the text of The Revelation of our Lord Jesus Christ.  These are,]

1.      The things which thou hast seen [– The apostle John was commanded to write the vision of our Lord Jesus Christ, which we have already studied. This is chapter one of the book of The Revelation.]

2.      The things which are [– This division of the text will includes chapters two and three and includes the letters to the seven Churches.  These letters reveal the  conditions of these Churches which already exist but also provide a prophetic revelation of what will occur within the Church of our Lord during the Church Age, as dispensationalist call it.  ]

3.      The things which shall be [– This division of the text deals with future events which will occur after the rapture of the Church and covers from chapter four to the end of the book and the Bible.  Nothing in this last division of the text will be fulfilled until after the rapture of the Church.  However, the preparations to fulfill these many prophecies are manifesting themselves all around us.]



[1] Clarence Larkin, The Book Of Revelation (Philidelphia: Erwin W. Moyer Co., Printers, 1919), 8.

[2] John Foxe and The Voice of the Martyrs, Foxe:Voices of the Martyrs (Alachua: Bridge-Logos, 2007), 43.

[3] John F. MacArthur, "Visions Of The Glorious Christ," Master's Seminary Journal 10:1 (Spring 1999), 24.

[4] Gk means in the Greek text, indicating the Textus Receptus as preferred by this author.

[5] F.W. Grant, The Numerical Structure of Scripture (New York: Loizeaux Brothers, Bible Truth Depot, 1956), 51.

[6] John Davis, Biblical Numerology: A Basic Study of the Use of Numbers in the Bible (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 1968), 122-123.

[7] Carl C. Harwood, Handbook of Bible Types and Symbols (Los Angeles: Brooks Publishers, 1933), 36.

[8] Ibid., 53

[9] Robert L. Thomas, "The Glorified Christ on Patmos," Bibliotheca Sacra 122 (June1965):242-243.

[10] Ibid, 243-244

[11] Harwood, 35

[12] Harwood, 67

[13] Ibid., 37

[14] Ibid, 29.

[15] Ibid, 31.

[16] Ibid, 17.



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